You know you are in for something unique as you walk down a hall lined from end to end with skulls. Housed in a historic building at the oldest still-operating university in the world, the Instituto has a collection of some of the first wax anatomical models ever made. Bologna University was the first institution to create a series of wax anatomical models for their medical students.
The Bologna school of wax modeling was distinct in that they would model wax directly onto real bone. Particularly excellent are the oversized wax models of brains, skulls and heads. Many of these remarkably beautiful works of art are still on display for students and visitors alike. However, the museum is not limited to anatomical waxes. The museum now also displays the collections of the Museo de Anatomia e Istologia Pathalogica or the Museo Cesare Taruffi.
In a room adjacent to the exposed muscles and veins of the anatomical waxes is an extraordinary collection of pathological specimens and models. Amazing and not for the faint of heart, it includes numerous delicately posed fetal skeletons and models of babies born without various organs. Don't miss the wicker basket holding a dozen apple sized fetal skulls.
Also of note are the twisted frames of the pathological fetal skeletons and the strange and entertaining wax model of the albino with a mutton-chops and mullet.