Opened in 1839, Highgate is one of London's most infamous cemeteries, originally opened as one of the city's "Magnificent Seven" park cemeteries.
Among the impressive Victorian and Egyptian influenced tombs are the gravestones of Karl Marx (recognizable by the glowering bearded bust); sci-fi author Douglas Adams; James Holman, a sightless 19th-century adventurer known as "the Blind Traveler" (a pioneer of "human echolocation," he was able to sense his surroundings by the reverberations of a tapped cane or horse's hoof-beats); and Adam Worth, a famous criminal and the possible inspiration for Sherlock Holmes's nemesis, Professor Moriarty.
Comprised of Kensal Green, Highgate, West Norwood, Abney Park, Nunhead, Brompton and Tower Hamlets cemeteries, the Magnificent Seven were created in 1832 as part of an effort to move burials out of the City of London in response to the twin pressures of the health concerns about overcrowded church yard cemeteries, and desires for build-able land in the rapidly expanding city.
The cemetery's tombs and buildings are constructed in an imposing Victorian Gothic style and during the mid- to late-1800s it was a highly sought-after burial ground. However, by the end of WWII the cemetery was overgrown, unattended, and in serious disrepair, all of which added to its creepy feel. In the 1970s the infamous cemetery became the location for another English Gothic tradition, the horror films of movie studio Hammer. These films regenerated public interest in the cemetery, and stories of grave robbing, desecration and vampires in Highgate began appearing in the news.
As described in the book Beyond the Grave, "Many claimed to see a particular creature hovering over the graves. Scores of 'vampire hunters' regularly converged on the graveyard in the dead of night. Tombs were broken open and bodies were mutilated with wooden stakes driven into their chests. These stolen corpses, turning up in strange places, continuously startled local residents. One horrified neighbor to the cemetery discovered a headless body propped behind the steering wheel of his car one morning!"
Known as the Highgate Vampire Sensation it culminated in 1970 with two magicians, Farrant and Manchester, claiming that each would be the first to find and kill the supposed vampire. Manchester announced an official vampire hunt, and on Friday the 13th, "a mob of 'hunters' from all over London swarmed over gates and walls into the locked cemetery, despite police efforts to control them."
The two magicians were supposed to settle the debate with a magicians' duel' but it never happened. Farrant was arrested in the churchyard next to Highgate Cemetery with a crucifix and a wooden stake and in 1974 was jailed "for damaging memorials and interfering with dead remains in Highgate Cemetery." Though neither magician found the supposed vampire, in the various "hunts" graves were ransacked and real corpses were indeed staked and beheaded.
The debate between Farrant and Manchester continues to this day, while the cemetery remains a popular location for occult, paranormal and vampiric enthusiasts. The West Highgate section, which is the most overgrown, can only be visited on a guided tour. The East Highgate section, however, including the grave of Karl Marx, can be explored on your own.