The fantasy Moorish design of the Arab Room, reminiscent of Pre-Raphaelite visions of harem rooms, was designed in the 1880s by architect and Medieval revivalist William Burges for the castle’s Victorian era owner, John Crichton-Stuart, the 3rd Marquess of Bute.
The architect was inspired by his extensive travels as well as the works of French Orientalist Emile Prisse d'Avennes, who published a popular collection of Arab designs in 1877
Described as “arguably the apogee of Burges's work as an interior designer”, the Arab Room is stunning even amongst the grand halls, gardens and wood-paneled library Burges created at Cardiff Castle.
Cardiff Castle itself dates back to at least the 11th century at the site of a much earlier Roman Fort. Traces of the Roman wall can be seen as well as the Norman Shell Keep in the center. The residence and garden grounds of the castle were extensively overhauled under that patronage of the 3rd Marquess of Bute, who allowed Burges a perfect playground to exercise his passion for Gothic and medieval design, mingled with a romantic Victorian sensibility. Throughout the building eclectic architectural and cultural influences commingle under elaborate fantasy ceilings.
William Burges died in April 1881, before the Arab Room was completed. In memorial, Crichton-Stuart had the words, "John Marquess of Bute built this in 1881. William Burgess designed it" carved into the overmantel in Latin.