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Sweets

Shoofly Pie

What’s in a name? Well, Shoofly pie has nothing to do with shoes or flies, and it’s only part pie. It’s actually a pie-cake hybrid.

Philadelphians first introduced a crustless dessert called “Centennial Cake” in 1876. Unfortunately for Centennial Cake, the Amish wanted something they could eat with their hands over morning coffee, and this crumbly format didn’t work. Bakers tossed the batter into a pie crust, effectively creating the handheld version now known as Shoofly pie.

The Amish fell in love with the molasses-filled, crumb-topped treat. Using the same set of ingredients, they developed two styles of Shoofly pie: wet-bottom and dry-bottom. Amish women made the wet-bottom version by filling a pie shell with sweet molasses, which soaks into the crust and creates a molten, “wet” bottom layer upon baking. The result is a bit like sticky toffee pudding. In a dry-bottom Shoofly pie, the baker alternates layering brown sugar crumb with molasses filling. The equally distributed ratio of wet and dry bakes into something like a pie-crusted coffee cake. Both versions are finished with buttery, brown sugar crumbs. 

Pie lore offers two explanations for its unusual name. The simple one is that flies get stuck in the sticky-sweet molasses, so bakers must shoo them away. The second explanation is that the pie was named after the 19th-century “Shoofly” brand of molasses. But the story of Shoofly goes back further. According to historian William Woys Weaver, the molasses had been named after an iconic circus animal (Shoofly the Boxing Mule), who had been named after a popular song written during the Civil War (“Shoo Fly, Don’t Bother Me”).

The hearty pie-cake fusion remains popular in Pennsylvania Dutch country. You can still find the treat—unchanged from its original recipe—baked by descendants of the early Amish settlers who first made Shoofly pie more than a hundred years ago.

Need to Know

Shoofly pie is most popular in Amish country throughout Pennsylvania, but it's also found throughout the Southern United States. You can make Shoofly pie at home; just decide on the wet-bottom or dry-bottom version before getting started.

Contributed by
rachelrummel
Where to Find It
Other Names
Shoo Fly Pie, Shoo-fly Pie, Melassich Riwwelboi, Melassichriwwelkuche
Where to Try It
  • Dutch Haven Pies
    2857A Lincoln Highway E., Ronks, Pennsylvania, 17572, United States

    This windmill-shaped bakery is famous for its shoo-fly pie, but also sells bonnets, butter churns, and bird houses. They make mail-order pies, as well.

  • Miller's Smorgasbord
    2811 Lincoln Highway East , Ronks, Pennsylvania, 17572, United States

    This restaurant and general store is famous for its wet-bottom shoofly pie.