Big Island Lava Flow – Pāhoa, Hawaii - Atlas Obscura
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Pāhoa, Hawaii

Big Island Lava Flow

Watch the newest land on the planet form before your eyes. 

Usually, when speaking of geological phenomena, one speaks of time in “aeons” or references events as “prehistoric.” But on the Big Island of Hawai’i, the vocabulary’s a little different.

Lava - or Pele, as it is commonly referred, after the volcano goddess of the Hawaiian religious tradition, is a fact of life and actively reshapes the land on a daily basis. It’s not an uncommon occurrence drive down a highway and find that lava has flowed over the road and rendering it inoperable, or to hear someone mention that a house or property was “taken by Pele.” On a hazy day, locals will complain of the Vog - volcanic smog - and seasoned fisherman will tell you that the best place to catch fresh Ahi is in the waters warmed by the lava pouring into the ocean.

It’s no small wonder that Hawaiians and visitors alike continue to give offerings to the unpredictable volcano goddess. She exists as an unparalleled geological spectacle and an active reminder of the power of nature over man. Spiritually minded travelers who trek out to see the lava flows will often bring Pele wishes wrapped in ti-tree leaves (the same leaves that are used to make leis) or small gifts to leave at the site.

There truly aren’t words in the English language that can describe the experience of being in the presence of an active lava flow. Needless to say, it’s mesmerizing. But to witness Pele in action you have to do a little detective work, seeing as no one can ever quite predict where the flows of magma will crop up. Granted, the more scientifically-minded could do some research into fault lines and plate tectonics, but for the average traveler, the simplest way to do some lava-hunting is to simply ask around. People in the area tend to know.

Once you locate the lava flow, then the adventure begins. Lava, like many things that glow, is best seen in the dark. Because of this, many people perform their treks in the evening. To state the obvious, this can present some challenges for a visitor unfamiliar with the terrain. Go with someone who knows the land - it’s very easy to get lost. Depending on where the lava is flowing, there are organized hikes (where everyone gets to wear neon orange construction vests), boat rides, or scenic flights. If none of these are an option or you decide to do some do-it-yourself adventuring, just remember: lava may be pretty, but it’s dangerous. Don’t get too close.

Know Before You Go

Check out the visitors information for guided tours, the wonderful video presentation and fun places you can hike on your own.

Contributed by
EmilyYaMei
Edited by