It may look like an odd, antique gym, but the exhibit at the Dr. J. H. Kellogg Discovery Center in Battle Creek, Michigan, represents a significant chapter in medical history.
The name Kellogg is most commonly associated with breakfast cereals, but John Harvey Kellogg, MD was a physician first. He invented Corn Flakes in 1894 along with other food products he wanted his sanitarium patients to eat to improve their health. He also invented a wide variety of machines intended to boost healthy living, and those machines made their way into some pretty high places.
Many of the inventions revolved around some kind of therapy, from phototherapy to hydrotherapy to electrotherapy. There is a sit-down Light Bath, like one used by Thomas Edison (which can still be seen at the Edison estate in Florida). Visitors to the exhibit can sit in a sitz bath, which Kellogg did not invent, but used in many of his hydrotherapy techniques.
Kellogg ran the Battle Creek Sanitarium from 1876 until 1938, when he was forced to close it as patient numbers declined. His machines, though, were not just used in the Sanitarium. Several of them, like the Mechanical Horse and Horizontal Light Bath (examples of both of which are on display at the center), were used on the Titanic. President Coolidge had a Mechanical Horse during his time in the White House, and a Horizontal Light Bath was used in Buckingham Palace by King Edward.
For those who had not been eating as healthily as Kellogg—a vegetarian who discouraged drinking, smoking, and many of the more enjoyable foods—would have liked, there were things like the Kneading Machine, which relieved constipation by massaging the bladder, and the Colonic Machine, which is exactly what it sounds like, intended to cleanse the body of toxins.
Kellogg’s inventions are now on display at the Discovery Center, part of the Historic Adventist Village in Michigan. The interactive exhibit allows visitors to try some of them. For instance, they can have their feet massaged by the Foot Vibrator, which was intended to soothe aching feet and get the blood flowing. A Vibrating Chair and Oscillo-Manipulator of his invention are also on display. The center also features one of Kellogg’s signature all-white suits, which he often wore complete with a white cockatoo on his shoulder, as well as a Sanitarium nurse’s uniform. His contributions to the world of cereal are also well represented.