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By the end of the 19th century, Fort Kluže, a now touristic fort right off the motorway, had fallen into disuse because of the rapid development of artillery. In order to have sufficient fortifications in the area the construction of, the upper fort, Fort Hermann, began in 1897.
Know Before You Go
Best access is to park your vehicle at Fort Kluže then hike up. Don't forget a headlamp!
To reach this fort you will find yourself hiking 30-40 minutes up a 1,300 meter access road and a 114 meter long tunnel. Between the two wars, the Italians added fortifications to the tunnel including concrete entrances and side corridors for heavy machine guns to form part of the defense system called, "Vallo Alpino" (The Alpine Entrenchment). Once you reach the top you can explore the ruins of this 1800s fort as well as climb into caverns in the side of the mountain overlooking Bovec.