Lord Alfred Milner was appointed Administrator of the Transvaal in May 1901. He issued the Municipal Proclamation No.sixteen of 1901 whereby the city was granted a municipal council of 18 members, all nominated. In December 1903 they had been changed by a wholly elected city council consisting of 30 councilors. Municipal boundaries have been prolonged to embrace, inside a six-mile radius of the central area, mining properties and all vacant land of which the suburbs of the city have been more likely to develop. Proclamation 13 of 1902 prolonged the boundaries of the town's jurisdidiction to 79 square miles. Lord Roberts crossed the Vaal River on 29 May and reached Germiston on 30 May. On that morning his representatives entered the city to demand its give up. In entrance of the court docket home the Vierkleur was taken down and the Union Jack raised. The new army commissioner of police, Major Francis Davis, imposed an evening curfew and closed all liquor stores. The British then had to determine the way to govern the Rand and its inhabitants of 13,000 blacks and an unknown number of whites who had been probably hostile. The critical query facing the authorities was whether it was an accident or sabotage. Several arrests have been made, the suspicion being that it was the work of British brokers, but nothing was proved. The carelessness of men filling shells or smoking cigarettes close by, couldn't be excluded. As a results of the explosion Schutte was removed as particular commandant of the Witwatersrand and Dr Krause was appointed in his stead. Over the weekend of 30 September lots of the properly-identified mines closed, including Simmer & Jack, Wolhuter, Geldenhuis Deep, Henry Nourse and Ferreira. By that point all the Consolidated Gold Fields mines had closed. On 7 October the government listed sixty six main mines closed, with only 17 having applied to continue operations. Some mines offered bonuses to white employees in the event that they remained. Thomas Begbie & Company, a foundry situated near the City and Suburban mine just south of Johannesburg, was commandeered by the federal government two days after the warfare had begun. On 24 April 1900 there was a huge explosion at Begbie's factory. One of the primary steps taken by Lord Roberts was to declare an Imperial Government Municipality for Johannesburg. Colonel Colin MacKenzie was an appointed as its Military Governor. He needed to cope with thousands of previous staff eager to return to the Rand.
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