Simply staring down into the Cave of Swallows is a test of ones fortitude.
Known as a pit cave, it is a vertical shaft, essentially a 160 to 205 foot gaping hole in the forest floor which drops straight down 1,904 feet - 1,220 on the higher edge - before reaching the cave floor. It is deep enough to fit the Statue of Liberty standing on her own shoulders, the Eiffel tower, or the Chrysler building.
Called the Basement of the Swallows in Spanish and the Cave of Swallows in English, it is the largest known cave shaft in the world and the second deepest pit in Mexico. The cave gets its name from the green parakeets and white-collared swifts that live along its walls. Each day the birds fly in concentric circles up the cave shaft before the flocks come spilling out of the of the hole into the jungle.
The cave has more recently become the home to a number of newer arial species, namely vertical cavers and base-jumpers. A popular destination with the extreme sports enthusiasts, it is tall enough for the BASE jumpers (BASE stands for buildings, antennas, spans, and earth, all things they enjoy flinging themselves off of) to leap off the edge and free fall for a couple of seconds before deploying their parachutes. While it would take about ten seconds to hit the bottom, the ascent back up is slower taking between 40 minutes and 2 hours.
While the cave has long been known to the local Huastec people it was first explored by outsiders in 1966 by T. R. Evans, Charles Borland and Randy Sterns. The cave is so deep that when repelling, which can easily take an hour, the friction can cause the rope and equipment to heat up to dangerous levels, so spray water bottles are used to cool the equipment as one descends.