Greater London, England

Jeremy Bentham's Auto-Icon

The remains of the great moral philosopher reside in a cabinet in London


When the moral philosopher Jeremy Bentham died in 1832, he left a will with specific instructions pertaining to the "disposal and preservation of the several parts of my bodily frame." His skeleton was to be "clad in one of the suits of black occasionally worn by me" and seated upright on a chair, under a placard reading "Auto Icon."

Bentham suggested that his corpse might then be able to preside over regular meetings of his utilitarian followers. For ten years prior to his death, Bentham purportedly carried in his pocket a pair of glass eyes that were to be embedded into his embalmed head. Here, however, Bentham’s plan went awry. His face was grossly disfigured in the process of preserving it, and a substitute wax replacement had to be created.

The real embalmed head was placed on the floor between Bentham’s legs, where it resided until 1975, when it was kidnapped by a group of students demanding £100 for charity. The university paid £10, and the head of the great moral philosopher was returned.

Today the real head is unfortunately not on display because the university decided it was inappropriate to exhibit human remains.

  • Address
    Malet Pl, University College London, Greater London, England, WC1E, United Kingdom
  • Cost
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The Auto-Icon is located in UCL's South Cloisters.

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