Berliner Weisse - Gastro Obscura
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Drinks

Berliner Weisse

A historic German ale gets a neon makeover.

It’s a sweltering summer day in Germany. You scan the menu at a local brewery for something light and refreshing, and choose Berliner weisse. In minutes, a bright green beer arrives. You sip. It’s perfect: tart, fizzy, and with just the right herbaceous twang.

Green? Tart? Compared to the crisp lagers that proliferate the country, Berliner weisse is an oddity. Along with its sour cousin, gose, the wheat ale hearkens back to a time when brewers in northern Germany lived by their own rules. Literally. The area evaded the beer purity laws known as Reinheitsgebot for centuries, allowing brewers to create funky, sour ales that resemble Belgian styles more than those of the Rhineland. 

The Belgian similarities begin with the fact that Berliner weisse is a wheat beer. (Like the famous witbiers, or “white beers,” of Belgium, weisse also means “white.”) Then there’s the sour flavor, which comes from a bacteria known as Lactobacillus. The French found this tart acidity, coupled with the beer’s high levels of effervescence, to be reminiscent of sparkling wine. During Napoleon’s push into Germany in the early 1800s, his troops dubbed Berliner weisse “the Champagne of the north.”

Later in the 19th century, Germans started to find Berliner weisse a little too tart and added sweeteners to soften its acidity. Originally, they added kümmel, a caraway-based liqueur. More popular today, however, are the green-tinged woodruff (waldmeister) syrup, based on the sweet-scented bedstraw plant, and a pink raspberry syrup known as himbeersaft.

Unfortunately, Berliner weisse faded in popularity in the 20th century, and it’s still tough to track down in its native home. With a little effort, however, you can find it in Germany and the United States. The recent rarity only adds to the mystique of a beer that has defied convention and beguiled invaders and imbibers for centuries.

Need to Know

The best time to enjoy Berliner weisse is summer. It's a light beer, usually 3 to 4 percent alcohol. Where to enjoy it is a harder question to answer. Some critics claim that the merger of the most popular German brands, Kindl and Schultheiss, resulted in a less complex style of Berliner weisse. So while it's still worth visiting the brewery, beer aficionados point to the United States as leading the charge on authentic re-creations. Though bottled or canned versions don't contain the sweet syrups, they still possess the refreshing tang that makes Berliner weisse a standout.

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Sam OBrien Sam OBrien
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