A statue dedicated to an intrepid adventurer, explorer, and naturalist sits on the grounds of the Natural History Museum of London. Alfred Russel Wallace is most known for developing a theory of evolution by natural selection—independent of Charles Darwin. Although he is often forgotten in the annals of science history, Wallace played a major role in how we view evolution.
Along with the statue, several historic artifacts associated with Wallace may be seen in the museum. Butterfly specimens collected by Wallace during his expeditions to the Amazon and the Malay archipelago are on display in the Treasures Gallery. Additionally, a taxidermy specimen of an orangutan, also collected by the scientist, and Wallace’s notebook from his time in Brazil can be seen in the cabinet of curiosity on the third floor.