Jefferson Pools – Warm Springs, Virginia - Atlas Obscura
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Warm Springs, Virginia

Jefferson Pools

Bubbling up from deep underground is the warm crystal clear water that fills the Jefferson Pools, America's oldest spa. 

Sorry, Jefferson Pools is permanently closed.

When it was built in 1761, Jefferson Pools was a “gentlemen’s” bathhouse, uniquely built in an octagonal shape with a large hole in the roof to let the steam out. The women’s bathhouse next door came several decades later in the same fashion. Today, the original structures still stand, beautiful yet in a sad state of advanced decay.

The bathhouses were built over the year-round 98-degree natural pools in the aptly named Warm Springs, Virginia.

Legend has it that an American Indian first found the pools after traveling a long way and, after bathing in the warm waters, was instantly rejuvenated. It was then known as a sacred place. Soon after, spa houses began being built throughout the 16th century following the European style. These spa houses become even more popular in the following century in places where wealthy southerners would “take the waters” for relaxation.

But it was the healing promises of the mineral-rich waters that brought Thomas Jefferson to the pools, where he soaked daily for three weeks to try and help his rheumatism. It’s ironic that the pools were named after him, though, as local historians claimed he found the spa quite boring.

Boring or not, the Jefferson Pools are still open today. For $19 an hour, guests can experience the warm tickling bubbles, slight sulfur smell, and turquoise waters so clear you can see the bottom. The original wood structure of the bathhouses has fallen victim to the elements for over the last 250 years, however, and the physical surroundings are in quite obvious decline. But an organization is working to preserve this rotting wonder, so guests can bathe in the warm springs just as Thomas Jefferson did decades ago. 

Know Before You Go

Warm Springs, Virginia is in western Virginia, close to West Virginia. Take Route 220 north from I-64, about 30 miles. The bathhouses can be seen right next to the road as Mountain Valley Road (Rt 39) joins Sam Snead Highway (Rt 220). The site is now managed by the Omni Homestead Resort, 5 miles to the south, so you must call ahead to make a reservation--the resort's website has ample information.There are coed bathing times, where families with kids may use either the men's or women's (larger of the two) pools. Later in the day the schedule switches to adults-only, and this is also a clothing-optional time, where the sexes are segregated to their respective bath houses. You get a site-supplied towel, and the attendant will even give you a plastic bag to put your wet swimsuit into.

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