On February 20, 1943, a new volcano began to rise from a cornfield, erupting and slowly consuming two villages in lava and ash.
It’s said that, as Parícutin erupted, the San Juan Parangaricutiro church bells danced, two miles away. The bells sounded, the ground rumbled, and the lava began to flow. It took a year for the lava to reach and melt the rock of the cemetery walls around this small church, but the lava did finally flow over the graves, leaving the church tower and altar untouched. The Parícutin volcano continued to erupt for another eight years, but the small church withstood it all.
Luckily, the townspeople evacuated long before the lava reached the town, and no one was killed. They quickly began building a new church — the Nuevo San Juan Paragaricutiro — in a nearby area unaffected by the eruption.
Today, the original San Juan Parangaricutiro church still stands, halfway buried in solidified lava rock, with the massive cinder cone of Parícutin looming in the background. It is all that remains of the village. Climbing over the volcanic rock to see the church that survived the catastrophe has become a tourist experience, and a major source of revenue for the region.
The Paricutin volcano is the youngest volcano in the world, and it has been an exceptional opportunity for geologists to study how volcanoes are formed. If you want to see the actual volcano erupting, watch the film Captain from Castile, with Cesar Romero as Hernan Cortes. The film was shot in Michoacan and Guerrero. It’s climactic final scene show the billowing plume as an unintended backdrop.