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Cornwall, England

The Eden Project: The World’s Largest Greenhouse

Over one million types of plants in southwest England. 

As the millennium approached, the sleepy former mining town of St. Blazey needed a futuristic update. For fifty years, a clay mine on the edge of the English town had slowly been abandoned, until in the late 1990s when a new concept was proposed for the area called Project Eden.

A near polar opposite to the crater left by the old mine, the Eden Project was designed as a massive greenhouse complex, consisting of two biomes bubbling off of the ground and reflecting both a tropical and Mediterranean climate.

After the deep depression left from the mine was filled in with thousands of tons of soil, construction began and the two largest greenhouses in the world were created over two and a half years. Inside the hexagonally-patterned biomes are over one million different plant species, each one reflecting the climates of their respective biomes. The Garden of Eden, according to the Bible, contained “every plant that is pleasant to the eye and good for food.”

The Tropical Biome features rubber plants, bananas, and bamboo stalks towering above visitors in the nearly four-acre dome. The Mediterranean Biome is only 1.6 acres, but is similarly filled to capacity with olive plants and grape vines.

Along with stunning flora, cascading waterfalls and footpaths wind past massive boulders and ponds and even a few statues can be found carefully placed around the Mediterranean biome. Although the greenhouses are the central attraction of the complex, the grounds of the Eden Project are also covered in temperate plants that can grow in an uncovered atmosphere.

Other than the floral attractions of Eden, an educational facility was constructed in 2005 called the Core, where the staff of the complex teaches environmental sustainability and work to improve human’s relationship with nature.

Visitors who want a truly fantastic experience should stay until night when the biomes emanate a futuristic and colorful glow.

Know Before You Go

The Eden Project is accessible by car, bus, and train from the Cornish town of St. Austell.

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