Kefir, a fermented milk drink from the Caucasus Mountains and one of the staples of a Soviet diet. The accompanying recipe in the CCCP Cookbook is for Dovga Soup, an Azerbaijani yogurt soup. (All Photos: © CCCP Cookbook/Fuel Publishing)
In 1939, the Institute of Nutrition of the Academy of Medical Scientists in the USSR published The Book of Tasty and Healthy Food. It was filled with praise for the domestic food industry, and had lush color photographs accompanying recipes gathered from all corners of the vast Soviet realm.
The reality of Soviet cuisine was a different story. Individual and artisanal production of food was banned in the mid-1930s as collective farming began. Ingredients were limited and the quality of food varied wildly. But families of government workers had access to goods that were otherwise nearly impossible to buy, such as caviar, cigarettes and sugar.
A new book by Olga and Pavel Syutkin, called the CCCP Cookbook: True Stories of Soviet Cuisine, offers an illuminating glimpse of food during this era, and includes recipes and photographs from original Soviet cookbooks. Atlas Obscura has photographs from the book.
Anastas Mikoyan helped bring mass production of ice cream to the USSR in the 1930s after visiting the United States. His interest was noted by Stalin, who said, “You, Anastas, care more about ice cream, than about communism.” Still, the cone above is embellished with the letters CCCP.
Fish sprats, for a Mimosa Salad, of potatoes, eggs, carrots, mayonnaise and of course, fish.
Shashlik, a form of skewered meat cooked over an open fire, and associated with the Caucasus region.
An elaborately garnished pike perch set in aspic.
Steak and onions, accompanied in the CCCP Cookbook with a recipe for the same.
Caviar. Those that worked for the State could access luxury goods like caviar; ordinary citizens would need to make an application to access it on national holidays or special occasions, such as weddings.
Pelmeni, or dumplings, usually served with butter or as in this photo, sour cream.
Suckling Pig with Buckwheat. Suckling pig was a traditional Russian dish that was featured as part of a meal in Chekhov’s 1892 novel The Wife.
Soviet mayonnaise, for the Stolichny Salad recipe. Mayonnaise became popular in the USSR as it was easy to mass produce.
A table set for a dinner of Chicken Kiev. Communal apartments were standard in Soviet cities, where families had one room for themselves and shared the common areas with between two and seven families.
The cover of the CCCP Cookbook, available from Fuel Publishing.
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