For thousands of years the great auk lived along the North Atlantic coasts, congregating on remote islands where there were plentiful fish to hunt. Sadly, these large seabirds were also hunted, by humans, until the entire population was wiped out.
The great auks grew up to 30 inches tall, and though they were flightless, they were powerful swimmers. Sailors often compared the black-and-white birds to penguins, though they are not actually closely related.
The auks were revered by Native Americans, but they were hunted by European colonists as a food source and for their coveted down feathers. Demand was so high the seabird was nearly extinct by the 18th century. The last great auk was sighted in 1852.
A chilling sculpture of the vanished bird now sits on Fogo Island in Newfoundland. The memorial was created by artist Todd McGrain as part of his Lost Bird Project. The project includes sculptures of several extinct avian species, placed in the last location they were known to live.
The Great Auk Sculpture faces another similar sculpture in Iceland. That sculpture, also created by McGrain, in turn points toward the Icelandic island of Eldey, the site of the last known great auk breeding colony.