Approximately 34 miles south of Point Conception, California, and 47 miles west of Ventura, lies windswept Santa Rosa Island, one of the most remote of the northern Channel Islands.
Now part of the Channel Islands National Park, Santa Rosa was once populated by ancestors of the Chumash Indians and visited down through the centuries by Spanish explorers, Russian otter hunters, Chinese fisherman and American cattle ranchers. For a short time, the island was used as a private hunting reserve.
During the last Ice Age, Santa Rosa (along with neighboring San Miguel and Santa Cruz Islands) was home to the rare and oxymoronic pygmy mammoth. This subspecies of the mainland mammoth existed only on the Channel Islands and nowhere else in the world. The most complete skeleton of a pygmy mammoth was discovered on Santa Rosa in 1994. The mammoths seem to have gone extinct about 13,000 years ago.
Today, the island is home to another natural oddity: a grove of the rare Torrey Pine. Only two naturally occurring groves of Torrey Pines exist in the world. One is on Santa Rosa Island and the other is 175 miles away over open water on the mainland near La Jolla, California. Strange indeed that this species of pine tree took hold only in these two locations, with hundreds of miles of coastline and several other islands nearby. The grove on Santa Rosa Island is accessible by an easy hike. Other rare plants make the island their home, including six species not found anywhere else.
Travelers wanting to enjoy a wild and uncrowded corner of California and are not afraid of the challenge of getting there, would do well to pay a visit to Santa Rosa Island.